ON THIS DAY IN UNITED STATES HISTORY
March 27, 1814
During the War of 1812, General Andrew Jackson's Forces
Defeat the Red Sticks at the Battle of Horseshoe Bend
On this day in 1814, the Battle of Horseshoe Bend was fought and won putting an end to the Creek Civil War
between pro-American Creek Indians, and a faction of the Creek Indians known as the Red Sticks.
The Red Sticks (Upper Creek) were a traditional faction of the Creek Indians that were inspired by famous Shawnee
leader Tecumseh. They supported traditional views of Creek society and resisted white influence that was quickly
taking hold in the Creek culture. During the War of 1812, they sided with the British.
In the Battle of Horseshoe Bend, General Andrew Jackson lead his army along with about 600 pro-American Lower
Creek, Cherokee and Choctaw into Alabama to defeat the Red Sticks and clear the way for American settlement.